John Horse (1812-1882), also known as Juan Caballo, was a leader of the Black Seminoles and one of the most accomplished and successful freedom fighters in the struggle against slavery. Below is a link to an extraordinary website made possible in part by a grant from the Summerlee Foundation and sponsorship from the SouthWest Alternate Media Project. Here is an excerpt taken from the site’s Introduction:
Rebellion is a Web documentary that explores the inspiring, true, and largely unknown story of John Horse and the Black Seminoles, a community of free blacks and fugitive slaves who in 1838 became the first black rebels to defeat American slavery. The site covers their nineteenth-century odyssey from Florida to Mexico. In the process it documents a recent discovery, that the Black Seminoles led the largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, which took place in Florida from 1835-1838. Amazingly, academic historians have overlooked and misinterpreted this rebellion right up to the present day. Rebellion is the first source to definitively expose the oversight and show without doubt that the Black Seminole-inspired slave rebellion was not only the largest in American history, it was also the most successful. Pursuing a free homeland across three frontiers and seven decades, John Horse and the Black Seminoles were rebels who lived on the margins, but whose actions shaped the lives of millions. In Florida, Oklahoma, Texas, and Mexico (1812-1882), they risked their lives for freedom. Against great odds, they won. In the process, by expanding the horizons of liberty, they contributed to the lives of all Americans.
Click the following link to explore the more than 1400 pages of content that documents this largely untold story of the Black Liberation Struggle: Rebellion: John Horse and the Black Seminoles, First Black Rebels to Beat American Slavery.