“Mato” means bush or forest. Though we are often led to believe that Africans did not resist the European slave trade and were either passive or complicit in the face of that holocaust, nothing could be further from the truth. As in the Americas, the bush in Congo/Angola often served as the fortified site of resistance. The article linked below discusses the struggles against the Portuguese slave trade in Central Africa, and the leadership of the great warrior-queen Njinga, aka Ann Nzinga.

QUEEN NJINGA’S MILONGAS The ‘dialogue’ between Portuguese and Africans in the Congo and the Angola wars (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries) | BUALA – african contemporary culture.


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